Timeline of the Talmud

Jewdaism, along with all its sacred texts and doctrines, came into being after Christ’s birth. Virtually all of it is more recent than the establishment of the first Christian assemblies. The overwhelming majority of jewdaism’s writings and teachings date to the medieval period.

The minor tractates of the Pharisee Rabbis were complied AD 10 – 220

Tosefta is from AD 189 (first compliation of the Pharisee oral law)
Mishnah is from AD 200.

The Gemara is next, and is what makes the ‘Talmud’ along with the Mishnah.
Jerusalem Talmud AD 350-400
Babylon Talmud AD 500.

Masoretic text of the Torah (Tanakh) was completed AD 600-1000

The two texts competing in the 900s were those of Ben Asher and Ben Naphtali. The later fell out of use, and no longer exists in full.

Midrashim were written from the Tannaitic period (Pharisees) up to AD 1200.

Maimonides created the present Rabbinic Jewish religion based upon this tradition, with borrowing from the Sufis, in the late AD 1100s – completed by approx. AD 1200. His work Mishneh Torah became foundational.

Arba’ah Turim is from the early AD 1300s.
Shulchan Aruch was completed in AD 1563, with the Ashkenazic Ha-Mapah added in AD 1578.

Sefer Yuchasin (Zohar) is from AD 1566, from a manuscript dating from around AD 1270, but pretending to be from the Tannaitic period.

-Sloan Sutherland

3 Replies to “Timeline of the Talmud”

Leave a Reply